2004 Adopted Resolutions
72nd Annual Meeting
Boston

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SUPPORTING EFFORTS IN THE PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF OBESITY AND OVERWEIGHT

     WHEREAS, over 64 percent of American adults are either obese or overweight; and in the past decade, the prevalence of obesity and overweight has increased by 70 and 12 percent, respectively; and

     WHEREAS, obesity is the second leading cause of preventable deaths resulting in over 300,000 deaths in the United States; and obesity is correlated with 30 medical conditions, including Type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, hypertension, and osteoarthritis; and

     WHEREAS, approximately 15 percent of children and adolescents (ages 6 to 19) are obese and about 30 percent of children and adolescents are overweight; and in the past 25 years, the prevalence of obesity in children (ages 6 to 11) has more than quadrupled and the prevalence of obesity in adolescents (ages 12-19) has more than doubled; and in the past three decades, the prevalence of overweight children and adolescents has increased approximately 11 percent; and

     WHEREAS, obesity and overweight in children and adolescents are predictors of excess weight in adulthood and are associated with increased morbidity and mortality; and obesity and overweight are correlated with asthma, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, orthopedic complications, psycho-social effects, stigma, and sleep apnea in children; and in 2003 approximately $75 billion in medical expenditures were attributed to obesity, half of which were financed by Medicare and Medicaid; and

     WHEREAS, overweight and obesity disproportionately affects African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, women and persons of low socioeconomic status within minority populations,

     NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors recognizes obesity and overweight as conditions that can persist from childhood to adulthood, that are associated with chronic disease, and that cause preventable and premature deaths in adults, adolescents and children; and

     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors encourages and supports local leadership in obesity and overweight prevention; and

     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors supports policies and public health programs that reduce obesity and overweight and improve wellness such as community-wide campaigns, “point-of decision” prompts, school-based physical education, school-based health education, media campaigns, social support programs, individually-adapted health behavior change, improved access to places for physical activity, informational outreach activities, and land use planning and community design; and

     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors encourages and supports a range of public health interventions to address land use, environmental, cultural, socioeconomic, and behavioral factors associated with obesity and overweight; and

     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors supports the development of policies that address social injustices that contributes to the disproportionate burden of obesity and overweight among under-represented, low-income, and socially disadvantaged populations; and

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors encourages and supports partnerships among local, state, federal agencies, community groups and private organizations in their efforts to reduce obesity and overweight; and

     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that The United States Conference of Mayors encourages the federal, state and local governments to allocate funding and resources to the prevention and treatment of obesity and overweight.