PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION
1. Briefly describe the structure of the program.
The Redlands Police Department is involved in improving the quality of life by undertaking several programs in the area of youth crime.
At the beginning of each school year, Redlands Police Department, through its Community Policing Bureau, assembles speakers to talk to each of the freshman and sophomore classes at the local high school. The purpose of these presentations is to talk about alternatives to gangs and youth violence, and attempt to give kids those tools necessary so as they can make a choice on violence or on programs that the City offers through recreation and/or school programs as alternatives to gangs and violence.
Also, through a Serious Habitual Offender grant program for juveniles we have established a program in which we identify serious habitual offender juveniles for vertical prosecution. As an intervention side of the Serious Habitual Offender Program, we have begun a series of meetings when we begin identifying potential S.H.O. candidates. These meetings consist of officers of the Redlands Police Department, on occasion juvenile probation officers, the juveniles themselves, and their parents. These meetings cover alternatives and programs offered for the suppression and intervention of juvenile violence. They also make the juveniles and the
parents aware of the outcomes and the enhancements unless the juvenile takes the alternatives for these programs where they will be headed if they continue toward a path of criminal behavior.
2. When was the program created and why?
In the first part of this program, meeting with the students at the local high school was begun three years ago due to an increase in violence in and around our school campuses. The program has been successful in that juvenile and gang violence on school campuses, and around school campuses, has diminished in the last three years of this program. The program is completely financed by the City of Redlands and utilizes on-duty officers, or officers on overtime, as part of the speakersí bureau. We have had tremendous success on the buy in of the school board and the faculty members, with their participation in the program.
In the second part of the program, as one of the alternatives, if the youth involved wish they can attend the juvenile division of the San Bernardino County District Attorney Office G.R.A.S.P. program. G.R.A.S.P is an acronym for the Gang Reduction and Suppression Program. This program is utilized to enforce gang suppression efforts and reach young offenders on a level that they understand. Traditionally, this program has been open to only high risk gang members between the ages of 14 and 18, who are on probation. However, recently, the San Bernardino County Juvenile Probation Division has opened the program to the City of Redlands to ten juveniles in the class who were not on probation, but were beginning to show the likely signs of becoming involved in either gangs or violent juvenile activities. The second portion of this program involves speakers, such as former gang members and also utilizes former adult felons, who come and speak to the youth concerning their experiences and ways in which to prevent ending up in prison, if they do not change their way of life. This program was created in January of 1997.
3. How do you measure the programís effectiveness?
We are still in the process of measuring this programís effectiveness.
4. How is the program financed?
The G.R.A.S.P program was funded by the officers themselves, through the police officers association, to pay for these juveniles to show our support in attempting to guide juveniles in the proper direction. The second phase of this program, the Serious Habitual Offender Program was sponsored by the State of California through a grant.
5. Contact person:
The United States Conference of Mayors
J. Thomas Cochran, Executive Director
Copyright © 1999, US Conference of Mayors, All rights reserved.